At the end of the day, there are a number of reasons as to why horses get stomach ulcers. This is something of both a blessing and a curse. The blessing comes from the fact that there are clearly definable causes for stomach ulcers.The curse comes from the fact that determining the specific cause for your specific horse can be a little on the tricky side of things.
Nonetheless, it is a good idea to familiarize yourself with the causes behind equine stomach ulcers.The more you learn about these causes, the better your position will be to do what you can towards prevention and treatment.
What Causes Stomach Ulcers In Horses?
A variety of things can cause stomach ulcers in horses. It is worth noting that performance horses and foals are the two groups most likely to get stomach ulcers. Performance horses are particularly susceptible to stomach ulcers.
Keeping all of the above in mind, here is what you need to know, in terms of an answer to the question of how and why horses get stomach ulcers:
Meal feeding can lead to developing an ulcer. as these are animals that are designed to get their nutrients and other essentials from grazing. Meal feeding flies in the face of this. Combining meal feeding with a diet that is high in concentrates, which is a common dietary approach for performance horses, can make a horse particularly susceptible to stomach ulcers. Feed deprivation can cause an ulcer.
Obviously, this is a cause that is significant amongst performance horses. Too much training can very easily lead to a weakening of the horse’s natural defense mechanisms, which in turn can lead to stomach ulcers and much more.
Use of NSAIDS medication.
There is a variety of medications that can prove to be problematic for horses, in terms of stomach ulcers. Corticosteroids or NSAIDS are particularly high offenders in this regard. Many medications that fall under either of those umbrellas are linked to gastric ulcerations in horses. Most common NSAID being “Bute”
Secreted into the duodenum, bile acids can wind up refluxing in the stomach. When this occurs, damage to the stomach lining occurs, which can lead to more serious forms of stomach ulcers.
Treatment of Equine Ulcers
A 28 once-a-day treatment plan using the approved active ingredient for equine ulcers is with medication called Omeprazole.
Omeprazole is a Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) which decreases gastric acid secretion and shutting down acid secretion.